Current Status and Required Actions for National Climate Observing Systems

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Resource or Project Abstract

This report identifies the strategic directions and sets out a 31-point action plan for Ireland for the establishment, maintenance and further development of an integrated national climate observing system. It is based on the outcomes of extensive consultation with Ireland?s climate observation and research community. Furthermore, it documents the current observing capabilities in the atmospheric, oceanic, terrestrial and hydrological domains; it identifies critical gaps and it provides proposals on how to address these. It also highlights a number of institutional barriers and management issues and underlines shortcomings in data accessibility. Steps to address these are identified and resources and costs are provided in a prioritised action plan. Implementation of these recommendations will require a minimum capital investment of Euro3.8 million, with an estimated ongoing annual requirement of Euro1.1 million. The development of appropriate climate observation and analysis systems is an essential part of the national response to climate change. Furthermore, these need to be linked to European and global networks. The overall aims of such systems are to: provide information for the assessment of environmental change, inform adaptation planning and improve risk analysis, and so provide a key information base for policy development.

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Contact Information for This Resource

Dr Ned Dywer
Coastal and Marine Resources Centre

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Attachment Name and Download Link
Offline Print Quality Version    ERC_14_Dwyer_NCOS_prn.pdf  (3.71 Mb)
Project Report Optimised For Online Viewing    ERC_14_Dwyer_NCOS_web.pdf  (0.82 Mb)

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Author(s)Dywer, N.
Title Of WebsiteSecure Archive For Environmental Research Data
Publication InformationCurrent Status and Required Actions for National Climate Observing Systems
Name of OrganisationEnvironmental Protection Agency Ireland
Electronic Address or URL
Unique Identifierdbf30907-8e03-102d-ba42-8e912b2741d0
Date of AccessLast Updated on SAFER: 2024-07-14

An example of this citation in proper usage:

Dywer, N.   "Current Status and Required Actions for National Climate Observing Systems". Associated datasets and digitial information objects connected to this resource are available at: Secure Archive For Environmental Research Data (SAFER) managed by Environmental Protection Agency Ireland (Last Accessed: 2024-07-14)


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Access Information For This Resource

SAFER-Data Display URL
Resource KeywordsNCOS climate change monitoring data observation
EPA/ERTDI/STRIVE Project Code2008-FS-GC-27
EPA/ERTDI/STRIVE Project ThemeClimate Change
Resource Availability: Any User Can Download Files From This Resource
Limitations on the use of this ResourceThere is no data attached to this resource. However further usage of the reports in any significant way should be properly cited or acknowledged in any further publications. A citation is provided below
Number of Attached Files (Publicly and Openly Available for Download): 2
Project Start Date Tuesday 1st January 2008 (01-01-2008)
Earliest Recorded Date within any attached datasets or digital objects Tuesday 1st January 2008 (01-01-2008)
Most Recent Recorded Date within any attached datasets or digital objects Thursday 1st January 2009 (01-01-2009)
Published on SAFERWednesday 31st March 2010 (31-03-2010)
Date of Last EditThursday 3rd March 2011 at 14:15:18 (03-03-2011)
Datasets or Files Updated On Wednesday 31st March 2010 at 11:54:02 (31-03-2010)

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Geographical and Spatial Information Related To This Resource

Description of Geographical Characteristics of This Project or Dataset
This is a literature/policy review report and does not generate or collect data. However the report reviews the current status of Irish in-situ networks (e.g. spatial extent, gaps, automation, partners) with respect to all climate variables that are or should be monitored. It also presents the plans of the key monitoring agencies with respect to future observations, examines the contribution of remote sensing and identifies issues related to historical information and data accessibility. Location maps are shown in the report for many of the following: ATMOSPHERE - Surface Networks, Upper air network, Aerosols and greenhouse gases, OCEANS - Surface variables, sea level, sea-surface salinity, sea state and currents, ocean colour, TERRESTIAL - including hydrological variables

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Supplementary Information About This Resource

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Lineage information about this project or dataset
As part of the National Climate Change Strategy (2007)1 the government expressed its commitment to ensuring -that Ireland has an adequate and modern capability for climate observations-. Moreover, Met √Čireann is identified as having a key role to play in the further development and enhancement of observation systems together with other State agencies, in particular the Marine Institute (MI) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). To date in Ireland only a limited number of studies have been carried out to estimate the costs to the economy of climate change. Efforts need to be made in this direction using the best possible scientific information to help reduce the large uncertainties in the potential cost to the national economy.
Supplementary Information
Although many elements of a climate monitoring system are in place, there are a number of issues that need to be addressed in order to make it more robust and capable of addressing the country?s long-term needs in regard to climate monitoring. The most important of these focus on: - The need to carry out a comprehensive needs analysis for an enhanced evaporation and evapotranspiration network, which addresses the number and location of sites, level of automation, modelling/measurement mix, site responsibility, costs and overall co-ordination, as well as the identification of an agency that will have overall responsibility for leading activities in this domain. - Consolidating and securing long-term measurements of surface and subsurface variables in the oceanic domain as well as assigning a statutory role and appropriating resourcing to the Marine Institute in undertaking and co-ordinating oceanic data collection for climate monitoring purposes. - Designating and securing a number of existing hydrological measurement stations on rivers and lakes as well as a number within the groundwater network for long-term climate observations. - Establishing a long-term central facility to coordinate activities related to land-cover mapping and related data analysis. Reference sites for longterm research needs and ground-truthing in relation to the calibration and validation of remotely sensed data for land-cover mapping also need to be selected. - Formulating a consistent and coherent climate data access policy across all agencies collecting observational data, as well as streamlining access to all relevant observational metadata and data by setting up an online climate data portal. - Devising a clear and coherent policy to protect the integrity of long-term climate monitoring stations. - Establishing a structure that facilitates the use of remotely sensed derived information in analyses of climate variability and promotes and supports capacity building, including active participation in relevant ESA EUMETSAT, EU and other international activities in this area. - Co-ordinating national climate observation requirements by setting up a committee with members drawn from the key observation agencies and data user communities.
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